A mezuzah is a sacred object in Judaism, typically affixed to the doorposts of Jewish homes and some rooms within the home. It is a small, rectangular case containing a parchment scroll with specific verses from the Torah. The primary passage included in the mezuzah is known as the ""Shema Yisrael"" (Hear, O Israel), which consists of verses from Deuteronomy 6:4-9 and 11:13-21.
The kosher mezuzah parchment scroll
, known as a ""klaf"" or ""klaf parchment,"" is meticulously handwritten by a scribe (a ""sofer"") who adheres to strict rules of writing and formatting. The scribe uses special ink, quills, and a precise script to inscribe the verses. The parchment is then rolled up from left to right, with the text facing inward, and placed inside the mezuzah case.
The mezuzah cases
themselves can be made from various materials, such as wood, metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic. It is usually decorated with Jewish symbols or designs, but can be in any design that fits your style. The case serves as a protective covering for the parchment scroll.
The mezuzah serves as a visible and tangible reminder of the commandments of God and the importance of Jewish faith and tradition. As people pass through the doorway, they may touch the mezuzah and kiss their fingers as a sign of reverence and to fulfill the mitzvah (commandment) associated with the mezuzah.